Monday, March 9, 2015

A Few Things... History

I have always taught history from a world perspective, with the U.S. in context as it evolved.  With my older son, I used the Kingfisher and Usborne history encyclopedias as my jumping off point, along with loads and LOADS of living books (we've always read a LOT around here).  With my younger son, we had access to Susan Wise Bauer's Story of the World and began using that when he was in fifth grade (along with the above mentioned books and our ever-present loads of living books).  That said, I know that some people would rather do American history first, when children are younger, and many just don't want the mess of so many books around.  Some folks like to even do geography for a year or two with their children before they begin a history study.  With those thoughts in mind, I want to suggest a study that deals with the populating of America and its eventual colonization by Europeans.  I will first link some of my posts regarding early history and geography work that we have done in past:

(This post lists a U.S. study first, followed by a world study.)

(This details some Montessori-style geography boxes I created for all the different continents.)

(And here is the first post I made on how I ended up using those boxes with a small group....)

(Books I used for first grade history with my younger son.)

Anyway, I have always thought that I would like to do an American history for younger children using Betsy and Guilio Maestro's lovely picture books as a base.  This is primarily early American history, but I have added in some topics up to the 20th century.  In historical order they are as follows (with a few other good authors thrown in, to flesh out certain areas of interest):

From proto-native Americans crossing the Bering land bridge to the first European explorers. 
These books are beautifully illustrated with a fairly simple text.  They all do have appendices at the end that will allow you to flesh out the facts from the time period a little more fully, so don't neglect to read those!

Let's think about a schedule:  If you wanted to do history three days per week, for week one you could read this book Monday, then read Leif on Wednesday and Columbus on Friday.  For week two, you could use your history time to work on some of the games and projects related to this time period.

And let's add in a couple of D'Aulaire books, too:

Make your own compass:

How the compass helped Columbus:

Celestial Navigation:

Latitude and Longitude game online:

Interactive Latitude and Longitude map:

Latitude and Longitude Treasure Hunt online:

How to make your own model boat (numerous types):


America after Columbus, including the conquistadores, 1500 - 1620.


Adding in a few other books about early explorers, earliest colonies and Native Americans....

Interactive Explorers' Map:

A few Native American crafts to give you some ideas for hands-on activities:

Week 3: read Exploration, Lost Colony, and JamestownWeek 4: read Around the WorldWeek 5: read from Many Nations and Boy Who Lived w/ Bears on Monday and perhaps Wednesday, then use the rest of your time to work on some Native American related crafts.

Early American colonizers, 1620 - 1689.  Let's add in a D'Aulaire book, and maybe a couple by Cheryl Harness:



And a few more about early colonists and their displeasure with England, as well as more on Native Americans....

A few Colonial themed activities for kids to help immerse them in the study:

Make a pomander:

Make a rag doll (there are many options out there, and you can add yarn hair, etc.):

Or here's a yarn doll:

How to play marbles:

Week 6:  read New Americans, Pocahontas, Three Young PilgrimsWeek 7:  read King George, Colonial Year and Cabin Faced WestWeek 8:  read Thirteen Moons and Squanto's Journey, then finish up by playing some games from the time period or making a colonial craft....

The French and Indian Wars, 1689-1763.

Liberty or Death:  The American Revolution, 1763 - 1783.


More on displeasure with England; early colonists, especially those instrumental in the lead up to revolution; and, of course, more on the Native Americans of the time....

Week 9Struggle, Liberty, Paul RevereWeek 10Patrick Henry, Plymouth Rock, G v. GWeek 11/12 Sam Adams, Arrow Over the Door, Sign of the Beaver.

1783 - 1815, includes the War of 1812.  This book covers a lot, so I would divide up the reading of it, perhaps.  The first part of the book could be covered, then the next book, on the constitution and some of the founding fathers, before returning to the War of 1812, Erie Canal, Fort McHenry, etc., which came later in time.


Regarding the creation of the American Constitution.


So, after this point there is a gap in the Maestro books.  I would use some of the D'Aulaire books to fill that gap.  Oh!  And some Cheryl Harness books, too - maybe - some of these might be too lengthy to hold the interest of some first graders....  Or, how about Jean Fritz for those who can't handle Harness?



    (The Young John Q might be better than the first for younger listeners....)

Lewis and Clark Expedition         

There are certainly plenty about GW to choose from!

There's also a suggestion for a lapbook at Homeschool Share regarding Johnny Appleseed that includes some good books:

Another good book for the early 1800's time period is Ox-Cart Man.  Homeschool Share has a lapbook for this, too:

So, perhaps I would read Perfect Union, Shhhh! and John Hancock first, in Week 13.  Then for week 14New Nation, Erie Canal, Flags, Strawberries (two in one day).  Week 15:  one Ben Franklin, one George Washington, one John Adams book.  Week 16Thomas Jefferson, Lewis and Clark Expedition, and either Ox Cart Man or some of the Johnny Appleseed books.  Week 17:  work on lapbook and do more readings to go with whichever one of those topics you chose.  Washington Irving?  I would make sure it's not too scary for a younger child....




Here's a lapbook whose elements you might like to incorporate into your study of Lincoln:

Also, after all the books about Washington and Lincoln, you might like to take a look at a lapbook about President's Day:

Week 18:  read Pony Express, Mary Walker, and one of the Lincoln Books.  Week 19:  do more reading on Lincoln as you work on the lapbook related to him.

And all this leads us into the Civil War era.  Wish the Maestro's had a book or two about that.  What to use here?  Hmmmmm....  How about some of these?

        Slavery in America
Deborah Hopkinson

Week 20Freedom Quilt, Mark Twain, Slavery.

The Transcontinental Railroad       The California Gold Rush 

Week 21Railroad, Gold Rush, Trail of Tears.


Week 22Long Walk, Buffalo Song, Crazy Horse.

 Not sure about introducing the topic of the Civil War through "ghosts" for younger children, but she's using this as a way to introduce info from someone who was there, not in the scary sense - still....

 Civil War Drummer Boy       The Civil War  (Longer novel by Fritz)

Toys and games from the Civil War era (you may already own some of these):

Week 23/24Drummer Boy, Civil War, Perilous Road.  Play some of the games related to the Civil War time period, if time allows.

Late 1800's:

                                         Catriona Clarke, Usborne    Chris Demarest

End of the Cowboy period into modern era....

Cute cowboy vest:

Week 25:  read Cowboy related books and work on craft project.

Statue dedicated 1886.

Make your own Statue of Liberty crown and torch:

And this book might make a good companion to the story of Lady Liberty:

It is by Erica Silverman and details info on the woman poet who wrote The Great Colossus.... (She also helped immigrants of that time, so it plays into the next Maestro book, as well....)

Week 26:  read Liberty related books and work on craft project.

Immigration to America, from the earliest native groups through Ellis Island.

1815 - 1902

Good for government studies.  May need to find this one used; don't know if it is still in print....

Ideas for some patriotic crafts projects for children:

Week 27/28:  read Coming, Lizzie, Voice and work on patriotic crafts.

 1858 - 1919                         Longer book....           Frank Murphy

Week 29/30:  read Roosevelt books....

 1882 - 1945

Week 31:  read about the *other* Roosevelts.


Ghosts of the 20th Century - another one I'm iffy about, because of the "ghost" theme....

And another along that same line, that might fill in missing presidents:

Lapbook on President's Day might be done here, instead of earlier....

Week 32-36:  Hmmmmm, not sure about using the "ghost" books as a stepping off point for other Presidents or more modern topics.... 

Dover has a President's sticker book, as well as other coloring and activity books related to America:

American Presidents Sticker Book   All About America: Facts & Fun   American Legends and Tall Tales I Love America Stained Glass Coloring Book

Presidents Facts and Fun Activity Book    First Ladies Fascinating Facts Coloring Book

So perhaps you could do the President's Day lapbook mentioned earlier and then read about some of the other presidents not covered during the year through the sticker book mentioned, etc.  Maybe you could bring Washington Irving in here, too, if you decide to use it, along with the coloring book of other legends and tall tales....

I hope that you might find some ideas here that you can use!


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